企业级监控软件Zabbix搭建部署之使用mutt+msmtp配置Zabbix邮件报警

#####企业级监控软件Zabbix搭建部署之使用mutt+msmtp配置Zabbix邮件报警

[root@Zabbix-Server ~]# wget http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/msmtp/msmtp-1.4.17.tar.bz2   
[root@Zabbix-Server ~]# tar xf msmtp-1.4.17.tar.bz2   
[root@Zabbix-Server ~]# cd msmtp-1.4.17  
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp-1.4.17]# mkdir /usr/local/msmtp  
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp-1.4.17]# yum -y install gnutls-devel gnutls  
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp-1.4.17]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/msmtp
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp-1.4.17]# make    
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp-1.4.17]# make install  

[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp-1.4.17]# cd /usr/local/msmtp/  
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# ls  
bin  share  
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# mkdir etc        创建目录  
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# cd etc/  
[root@Zabbix-Server etc]# ls  
[root@Zabbix-Server etc]# vim msmtprc  创建配置文件  
配置文件如下:   
account default  
host smtp.ym.163.com            #发送邮件服务器  
port 25                                        #发送端口   
from noreply@youlongteng.com        #发送的邮箱  
auth login    
tls off                                        #这里如果使用on的话会报 "msmtp: cannot use a secure authenti  cation method"错误  
user noreply@youlongteng.com                #邮箱用户  
password 123.com.                    #邮箱的密码,明文保存的需要注意,可以设置权限  
logfile /var/log/mmlog        #日志的路径  
[root@Zabbix-Server etc]# ll /usr/local/msmtp/etc/msmtprc   
-rwxr-xr-x 1 zabbix root 195 Oct 11 23:52 /usr/local/msmtp/etc/msmtprc  
[root@Zabbix-Server etc]#

######保存测试
[root@Zabbix-Server etc]# /usr/local/msmtp/bin/msmtp xxoo@xxxx.com
This is my mail
www.rsyslog.net
[root@Zabbix-Server etc]#
ctrl+d写完就可以退出,然后服务器查看是否收到
[root@Zabbix-Server log]# cat mmlog
Dec 31 10:10:12 host=smtp.ym.163.com tls=off auth=on user=xxoo@xxxx.com from=xxoo@xxxx.com recipients=xxoo@xxxx.com mailsize=406 smtpstatus=250 smtpmsg=’250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as EDBC41101988’ exitcode=EX_OK
Dec 31 10:10:12 host=smtp.ym.163.com tls=off auth=on user=xxoo@xxxx.com from=xxoo@xxxx.com recipients=xxoo@xxxx.com mailsize=397 smtpstatus=250 smtpmsg=’250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as 1E8911101684’ exitcode=EX_OK
Dec 31 10:10:12 host=smtp.ym.163.com tls=off auth=on user=xxoo@xxxx.com from=xxoo@xxxx.com recipients=sxxoo@xxxx.com mailsize=396 smtpstatus=250 smtpmsg=’250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as 7801E11011F0’ exitcode=EX_OK
[root@Zabbix-Server log]#

######安装mutt
[root@Zabbix-Server etc]# yum -y install mutt

######修改配置文件
vim /etc/Muttrc.local

# Local configuration for Mutt.  
set sendmail="/usr/local/msmtp/bin/msmtp"  
set use_from=yes  
set realname="xxoo@xxxx.com"    你的发送邮箱地址 
set editor="vim"  
[root@Zabbix-Server log]# ll /etc/Muttrc.local    
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 151 Oct 10 18:28 /etc/Muttrc.local  
[root@Zabbix-Server log]#

######测试安装是否成功
错误提示:如下图是提示添加附件错误。。。。。。
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# echo “testmail” | mutt -s “test” -a /tmp/file xxoo@xxxx.com
Can’t stat zhangkeyuan@youlongteng.com: No such file or directory
zhangkeyuan@youlongteng.com: unable to attach file.

######正确方法如下:
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# echo “This is a test mail “ >> /tmp/file

需要注意的是,在CentOS6下面,我们需要按照如下的方法去下,添加附件应该放置到最后面,这样才能成功,如果-a放到邮件地址前面会报错

######如果有多个邮件地址,就写多个即可

[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# echo "testmail" | mutt -s "test"       xxoo@xxxx.com -a /tmp/file        
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# echo "testmail" | mutt -s "test"     xxoo@xxxx.com  431054426@qq.com -a /tmp/file        

######这样就测试成功查看日志记录

[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]# tail /var/log/mmlog  -n 2    
Oct 05 16:40:03 host=smtp.ym.163.com tls=off auth=on user=xxoo@xxxx.com from=xxoo@xxxx.com recipients=xxoo@xxxx.com mailsize=598 smtpstatus=250 smtpmsg='250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as AB0F11480DCF' exitcode=EX_OK  
Oct 05 16:51:30 host=smtp.ym.163.com tls=off auth=on user=xxoo@xxxx.com from=xxoo@xxxx.com recipients=xxoo@xxxx.com mailsize=734 smtpstatus=250 smtpmsg='250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as 29FC51481F38' exitcode=EX_OK  
[root@Zabbix-Server msmtp]#   

##经验之谈技巧

在创建之前首先修改配置文件  
首先查找脚本路径  
[root@Zabbix-Server alertscripts]# locate externalscripts  
/usr/local/zabbix/share/zabbix/alertscripts   
[root@Zabbix-Server alertscripts]# pwd  
/usr/local/zabbix/share/zabbix/alertscripts  
[root@Zabbix-Server alertscripts]#  
修改配置文件,默认情况下是支持的。如果不知道可以查找  
vim /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_server.conf,去掉392行的注释  

######创建脚本

[root@Zabbix-Server alertscripts]# cat zabbix_monitor.sh   
[root@dota-db-10 alertscripts]# cat baojing.sh  如下脚本来自生产环境:  

zabbix

[root@dota-db-10 alertscripts]#   
[root@Zabbix-Server alertscripts]# chmod 755 zabbix_monitor.sh    
[root@Zabbix-Server alertscripts]# chown zabbix root zabbix_monitor.sh    

######记得用zabbix用户测试是否能发送

AlertScriptsPath=${datadir}/zabbix/alertscripts  这个路径如果不知道请查找  
/usr/local/share/zabbix/alertscripts/  

monitoring—-Events—–查看是否正常如果报错会有提示

###如果是这样 需要给root修改权限

/root/sent: Permission denied (errno = 13)  
/root/sent: Permission denied (errno = 13)  
/root/sent: Permission denied (errno = 13)  
/root/sent: Permission denied (errno = 13)   

#####解决:
[root@dota-db-10 /]# ll /root/ -d
dr-xr-x—. 6 zabbix root 4096 Oct 11 23:52 /root/
[root@dota-db-10 /]# ll /root/s
sent soft/
[root@dota-db-10 /]# ll /root/sent
-rwxrwxrwx 1 zabbix root 42959 Oct 11 23:58 /root/sent
[root@dota-db-10 /]#

####权限注意
[root@dota-db-10 alertscripts]# cat baojing.sh

#!/bin/bash  
echo "$3" | mutt -s "$2" $1  
[root@dota-db-10 alertscripts]# ll baojing.sh -d  
-rwxr-xr-x 1 zabbix root 40 Oct 11 23:41 baojing.sh  
[root@dota-db-10 alertscripts]#   

#####如下切记一定要配置,不然无法收到邮件
chmod zabbix:root /var/log/zext_msmtp.log
chmod 777 /var/log/zext_msmtp.log
chmod 755 /usr/local/msmtp/etc/msmtprc
chown zabbix:root /usr/local/msmtp/etc/msmtprc
chmod 755 /var/log/mmlog
chown zabbix:root /var/log/mmlog

####PS:因不方便邮箱设置成xxoo@xxxx.com

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